This book examines some ideological issues behind §the academic debate that surrounds the new field §called evolutionary psychology. Evolutionary §psychologists make three key claims about the mind. §The first is that the mind is massively modular; the §second is that this massively modular mind is shaped §by the processes of natural selection over §evolutionary time; and the third is that it is §adapted to the Pleistocene conditions of our past. §Evolutionary psychologists seek to elevate these §three claims to the status of meta-theoretical §assumptions making them the starting place from §which our deliberations about human cognition should §proceed. These claims would constitute the framework §for a new paradigm in the ultimate sense. However, §elevating these claims to paradigmatic status is not §only premature but also unwarranted on the available §evidence. This result is justified by evidence §produced outside evolutionary psychology by §researchers in biological anthropology, empirical §linguistics and developmental psychology from whom §the evolutionary psychologists explicitly seek to §distance themselves.