Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. James Edward Ware (1846 April 14, 1918) was an American architect, best known for devising the "dumbbell plan" for New York City tenement housing.He was born in New York City in 1846, and studied at the City College of New York. He began his practice in 1869. His sons Franklin and Arthur were also architects and in 1900 formed the firm James E. Ware and Sons. His son Franklin B. Ware (1873 1945) served as New York State architect from 1907 to 1912. Ware was an early designer of fireproof warehouses. He also achieved distinction as a designer of multiple dwellings and is best known for devising the "dumbbell plan" of tenement design for which he received recognition in 1878. He designed the Osborne Apartments in New York, as well as part of Mohonk Mountain House.