A profuse body of research has been conducted §examining the influence of extralegal factors on §judges' sentencing decisions. Commonly found in §this body of literature, is the finding that gender §influences judges' decisions, with greater leniency §being granted to female than male defendants. §Theoretical explanations proposed my familial §paternalism, however, suggest that findings of §leniency for females may be overstated due to the §interaction of gender and familial status impacts. §While this argument has been supported in §qualitative research, few quantitative inquires have §been conducted. This book offers a comprehensive §examination of the impact of these variables on §sentencing and provides a quantitative examination §of family status and gender on the effect of family §variables. Interactions of these variables with §offense type and race also are examined. Through §this analysis, a more concise understanding of the §impact of gender is provided.