Synthesis of Nanoparticles Using Green Chemistry
Document from the year 2017 in the subject Chemistry - Bio-chemistry, Mansoura University, language: English, abstract: Forty-two medicinal plants were collected depending on their availability on Egypt. These plant were extracted and screened for their activity towards green synthesis of AgNPs. A new modified method was used in order to screen large number of extracts in short time (high throughput screening). In this method, the synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated in using 96-well plate which is transparent to facilitate the color monitoring and easy to be read spectrophotometrically using microplate reader. The green synthesis activity by the different plant extracts was monitored and evaluated by color change and UV-Vis absorption at time intervals.
Out of these 42 plants, only 3 plants viz.,Pyllanthusemblicafruits, Psidium guajava leaves and Lawsoniainermisleaves, showed high AgNPs synthetic activity. The most active plant extracts were further partitioned with ethyl acetate. The results showed that the EtOAc fraction of the three active plants showed superior AgNPs green synthesis over their remaining aqueous. Thus, chromatographic columns were used to isolate the active compounds from the EtOAc fraction of each plant.
Metal nanoparticles synthesis is a leading topic of research in modern material science owing to their distinctive potential applications in the field of electronic, optoelectronic, information storage and Health care. Among the all noble metal nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles are one the main products in the field of nanotechnology which has acquired limitless attention due to their unique properties such as chemical stability, good conductivity, catalytic and most important antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal activities. Nevertheless, there is still need for economic commercially viable as well as environmentally clean synthesis route to synthesize the silver nanoparticles.