Acculturation experiences of Greek-Americans
This study investigated how the dimensions of heritage culture and mainstream culture identification, and four dimensions of acculturation, namely integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization, are associated with the mental health and personality characteristics of first-generation Greek-Americans (including Greek-speaking Cypriots). This study was significant in its conceptualization of acculturation. This kind of specific scientific research is being employed for the first time with Greek-Americans (first generation immigrants). Results indicated that lower mainstream-culture identification was associated with higher scores on Demoralization, Somatic Complaints, Cynicism, Ideas of Persecution, and Aberrant Behaviors; and lower heritage-culture identification was associated with higher scores on Somatic Complaints to the direction of psychopathology. Greek-Americans who continued to identify more with their heritage culture and less with their new (mainstream/American) culture experienced more somatic problems. The performance of the sample was in line with prior research, and the findings of this study are consistent with previous studies.